Congenital Pyloric Atresia and Associated Anomalies: A Case Series

Rahul Gupta, Varsha Soni, Praveen Mathur, RamBabu Goyal

Abstract


Congenital pyloric atresia (CPA) is a very rare surgical condition. Eleven patients with the diagnosis of CPA treated at our hospital were retrospectively studied for the age at diagnosis, sex, presenting symptoms, associated anomalies, operative findings, treatment and outcome. Male: Female is 8:3. The age at diagnosis ranged from one day to three years. Associated anomalies were seen in four (36.6%). These included epidermolysis bullosa (EB) in two, oesophageal atresia with distal trachea-oesophageal fistula in one, colonic atresia in one, sensorineural deafness and dysplastic kidney in one patient. All three types of CPA were observed; six (54.5%) had type 1, four (36.3%) had type 2 and one (9%) had type 3 [(core)]. Different procedures performed were Heineke–Mickulicz pyloroplasty, Finney's pyloroplasty and gastro-duodenostomy. Post-operatively, nine out of eleven did well while other two died giving an overall survival of 81.8%. Sepsis was the cause of death in both of them.


Keywords


Pyloric atresia, Epidermolysis bullosa, pyloric diaphragm, Heineke–Mickulicz pyloroplasty

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21699/jns.v2i4.91

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