Short Bowel Syndrome in neonates and early infancy

Authors

  • Shivani Dogra Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh India
  • Nitin James Peters Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4537-3383
  • Ram Samujh Professor and Head, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India 160012

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.47338/jns.v12.1148

Keywords:

Short bowel, Enteral nutrition, Parenteral nutrition, Intestinal adaptation

Abstract

Short bowel syndrome (SBS) is the commonest cause of intestinal failure in neonates. SBS results from widespread damage to the small intestine, leading to loss of functional capacity of this organ. This is generally secondary to conditions like necrotizing enterocolitis, gastroschisis, intestinal atresia, and midgut volvulus. The small bowel usually adapts to this damage in due course of time. The clinician's role usually entails the management of parenteral nutrition and the fluid and electrolyte balance to tide over this phase. The management should be initiated as soon as the diagnosis is suspected, especially post-surgical resection of the bowel. This should comprise enteral nutrition, with proactive monitoring and supplementation of electrolytes and micronutrients. Intestinal lengthening procedures like the Serial transverse enteroplasty (STEP), and Longitudinal intestinal lengthening and tailoring (LILT) may be considered in infants, where medical therapy fails to correct the pathology. The intricate nature of the condition warrants a multi-disciplinary approach, involving clinicians, intensivists, and surgeons, which ensures the best neonatal outcomes, in terms of the survival rates in these babies.

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Author Biography

Nitin James Peters, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh

Assistant Professor of Pediatric Surgery, Advanced Pediatrics CenterPGIMER, Chandigarh India

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Published

2023-01-14

How to Cite

1.
Dogra S, Peters NJ, Samujh R. Short Bowel Syndrome in neonates and early infancy. J Neonatal Surg [Internet]. 2023Jan.14 [cited 2023Jan.29];12:8. Available from: https://www.jneonatalsurg.com/ojs/index.php/jns/article/view/1148